Tiruchirapalli, or Trichy for short, was born as an ancient citadel under the Chola Dynasty and played host to many wars and conflicts, most famously the Carnatic Wars between the British and the French East Indian companies. The prominent historical monuments are the rockfort, Ranganathaswamy temple, and the Jambukeswarar temple.
Trichy has transformed itself into a bustling education hub, with many well known universities in the area, including the Anna University, Bharathidasan University, an branch of the Indian Institute of Management and Indian Institute of Information Technology amongst many others.
The industrial economy in the area centers around dozens of heavy machinery and heavy electrical manufacturing plants, and is known as the energy equipment and fabrication capital of India. In spite of the sudden spurt in industrial activity, Trichy consistently rates as one of the cleanest cities in India.
Other major employers in the area are the locomotive workshops - self employed traders lining the cities many wholesale markets and trading bazaars - and of late a slowly growing IT sector.