Rohtak is one of the fastest emerging cities of Haryana. A burgeoning industrial centre, it is often called "The Heart of Haryana." It falls under the Nation Capital Region. Industrial growth in the city is promoted by the Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation, which as developed an Industrial Model Township to encourage growth of industries in the area. The plan includes provisions for infrastructure, residential areas, environment and roads.
The city's economy is driven by these industries, as well as smaller healthcare and tourism sectors. Education is now a major driver of revenue coming into the city. The Institute of Technology has an extension of its Delhi campus in Rohtak. The Indian Institute of Management is currently being set up in Rohtak as well. Its existing medical university will be upgraded to an AIIMS.
The city is extremely well connected by roads and railway networks, and hence forms a good hub and support system for the national capital region.