Kolkata, or Calcutta, one of the most famous cities in the world. The cultural and intellectual capital of the east of India, and often the whole country itself. Kolkata holds India's oldest operating port and rose to prominence during the reign of the East India Company.
The Kolkata culture has induced free debates, a respect for culture, art and sciences, and a strong sense of independence and freedom. This culture created minds such as Rabindranath Tagore and Dadabhai Naoroji, and countless intellectuals without whom Independent India would have been impossible.
Kolkata remains proud of its colonial significance and architecture though, with grand buildings such as the Victoria Memorial. Economically, Kolkata is definitely a shadow of its past self, with a lack of access to capital and resources impeding progress. However, it has lately seen a rapid rise in industrial activity in both manufacturing and technical industries, as businesses across the world have noticed that the city provides an untapped opportunity to produce world class products at a low cost.
Kolkata will always remain best known not for its industries and future skyscrapers, but for its warm people, intellectual fire, and strong appreciation for culture.