The Andaman and Nicobar Islands, with it capital at Port Blair, is an Indian union territory found towards the southern tip of Burma and Thailand. It was first colonised by the Chola Dynasty who used it as a strategic naval base to conquer Sumatra and Indonesia. During the independence struggle, this strategic naval outpost was turned into a prison for Indian freedom fighters.
Currently, most of population is employed in small scale agriculture and horticulture. Cash crops are also grown but see limited export. There is also substantial activity in cottage industries and small scale handicrafts. The main driver of growth remains tourism and the service industry.
Tourists are drawn to its remote location, untouched flora, fauna and marine life, and relatively uncrowded beaches and resorts. The other tourist attractions on the island include Cellular Jail, Baratang, Barren Island, Havelock island, and various water sports organised around the abundant young coral reefs in the surrounding oceans.