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How much more do world leaders earn in comparison to their citizens?

globe-in-hand

Income inequality is on the rise in India, according to an Oxfam report released in January.

The greater amount of national income going to an increasingly smaller percentage of individuals in both developed and developing countries has contributed to the political upheaval in recent years.

With the general election approaching, Adzuna.in analysed how much more Prime Minister Narendra Modi earns in comparison to the average Indian.

We also compared the salaries of 45 world leaders to that of their country’s gross national income (GNI) per capita to uncover which countries have the greatest income disparity between the politicians and the people they govern.

politicians-vs-the-people

India makes the top 10

With an annual salary of an estimated Rs 20 lakh, Prime Minister Narendra Modi earns 15 times more than the average citizen in India, where the GNI is ₹1,33,055.

This places India among the top 10 countries with the greatest income disparity between the leader and their people, coming in at ninth place.

The findings are in line with the Oxfam report, which claims that while India is an emerging economy experiencing rapid growth, rates of income inequality are high, and among the most unequal in the world.

The salary gap between Prime Minister Modi and the average Indian worker is higher than that of most nations — the average world leader’s salary is seven times higher than that of their citizens.

Wide pay gaps in South Africa, Indonesia and Singapore

The countries that occupy the top of the table, with the greatest income disparity between leader and citizen, are South Africa, Indonesia and Singapore.

South Africa comes in at first place with President Cyril Ramaphosa earning a staggering 41 times more than the national average.

Ranking second place is Indonesia, where President Joko Widodo earns 35 times the national average.

While Cyril Ramaphosa and Joko Widodo make an estimated Rs 1.6 crore and Rs 90 lakh respectively, both South Africa and Indonesia have a GNI of under Rs 4.7 lakh.

Finally, rounding out the top three is Singapore.

While the country has a GNI of ₹39,85,382 — roughly 10 times greater than that of South Africa and 15 times greater than that of Indonesia — Halimah Yacob, President of Singapore, still earns 30 times more than her average citizen with an estimated salary of Rs 11 crore.

Nordic countries and China

At the opposite end of the spectrum, Finland, Iceland, Norway and China sit together at the bottom of the table, where their leaders’ annual salaries are just three times that of the national average. While China’s GNI is just over Rs 5.5 lakh, Finland, Iceland and Norway sit between ₹31,56,396 and ₹55,70,111.

Rank

Country

Leader

Leader salary (INR)

GNI per capita (INR)

How many times greater is the leaders salary?

1

South Africa

Cyril Ramaphosa

₹1,62,09,196

₹3,93,777

41

2

Indonesia

Joko Widodo

₹90,05,429

₹2,56,730

35

3

Singapore

Lee Kuan Yew

₹11,66,01,030

₹39,49,226

30

4

Cambodia

Hun Sen

₹21,72,690

₹89,080

24

5

Egypt

Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

₹50,98,579

₹2,17,993

23

6

Honduras

Juan Orlando Hernández

₹36,14,487

₹1,62,952

22

7

Mexico

Enrique Peña Nieto

₹1,20,79,939

₹6,23,562

19

8

Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

₹1,42,96,300

₹7,91,583

18

9

India

Narendra Modi

₹20,27,844

₹1,31,810

15

9

Russia

Vladimir Putin

₹98,49,528

₹6,68,464

15

11

Chile

Sebastián Piñera

₹1,30,36,140

₹9,85,677

13

12

Bangladesh

Abdul Hamid

₹12,38,433

₹1,06,462

12

13

Bulgaria

Rumen Radev

₹57,21,417

₹5,62,002

10

13

Australia

Scott Morrison

₹3,67,43,085

₹37,19,645

10

15

Italy

Sergio Mattarella

₹1,99,26,971

₹22,46,561

9

15

Greece

Prokopis Pavlopoulos

₹1,12,06,663

₹13,10,132

9

17

New Zealand

Jacinda Ardern

₹2,35,77,018

₹28,22,324

8

17

Slovakia

Andrej Kiska

₹93,63,135

₹12,02,946

8

17

Hungary

Victor Orban

₹71,95,153

₹9,32,084

8

20

South Korea

Moon Jae-in

₹1,52,08,830

₹20,55,365

7

20

Ireland

Michael D. Higgins

₹2,90,41,623

₹40,04,268

7

20

Austria

Sebastian Kurz

₹2,37,98,198

₹32,90,901

7

20

Germany

Angela Merkel

₹2,17,11,257

₹31,49,676

7

20

United States

Donald Trump

₹2,89,69,200

₹42,20,088

7

25

Belgium

Charles Michel

₹1,90,44,642

₹30,26,557

6

25

Romania

Klaus Iohannis

₹44,39,240

₹7,22,057

6

25

Switzerland

Alain Berset

₹3,58,49,385

₹58,34,397

6

25

Canada

Justin Trudeau

₹1,88,44,465

₹3,104,774

6

25

Poland

Andrzej Duda

₹50,71,493

₹9,20,496

6

30

UK

Theresa May

₹1,42,90,265

₹29,35,304

5

30

Japan

Shinzō Abe

₹1,46,80,142

₹27,91,907

5

30

France

Emmanuel Macron

₹1,40,71,789

₹27,49,901

5

30

Latvia

Raimonds Vējonis

₹51,21,610

₹10,67,515

5

30

Sweden

Stefan Löfven

₹1,77,15,752

₹38,08,726

5

30

Denmark

Lars Løkke Rasmussen

₹1,80,89,382

₹39,99,198

5

30

Israel

Benjamin Netanyahu

₹1,21,82,273

₹26,99,205

5

37

Netherlands

Mark Rutte

₹1,40,38,764

₹33,44,494

4

37

Estonia

Kersti Kaljulaid

₹54,02,394

₹13,17,374

4

37

Luxembourg

Xavier Bettel

₹2,01,33,594

₹50,88,440

4

37

Vietnam

Nguyễn Phú Trọng

₹6,02,559

₹1,57,158

4

37

Croatia

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović

₹32,73,520

₹9,00,218

4

42

Finland

Sauli Niinistö

₹1,12,46,206

₹32,28,617

3

42

Iceland

Guðni Th. Jóhannesson

₹1,38,32,793

₹44,05,491

3

42

Norway

Erna Solberg

₹1,52,60,540

₹55,03,424

3

42

China

Xi Jinping

₹15,93,306

₹6,29,356

3

Average

₹1,56,10,583

₹21,36,176

7